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Anniversary of the Battle of Brandy Station: History of the significant single-day Civil War battle

anniversary-of-the-battle-of-brandy-station:-history-of-the-significant-single-day-civil-war-battle
Anniversary of the Battle of Brandy Station: History of the significant single-day Civil War battle

The anniversary of the Battle of Brandy Station is June 9. On that day in 1863, during the Civil War, battle ensued for more just over half a day. 

Today, the American Battlefield Trust has preserved more than 2,000 acres of the battlefield where the Battle of Brandy Station, also called the Battle of Fleetwood Hill, took place.

Read on to learn more about the history of this significant Civil War battle. 

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Battle of Brandy Station marker

After the Battle of Brandy Station, the Union gained confidence and strength, leading into later battles of the Civil War.  (Alex Wong/Getty Images)

  1. What was the significance of the Battle of Brandy Station?
  2. How many cavalry clashed at Brandy Station, Virginia?
  3. How long was the Battle of Brandy Station?
  4. Who won the Battle of Brandy Station?

1. What was the significance of the Battle of Brandy Station?

The Battle of Brandy Station had an enormous impact on the Gettysburg Campaign, the main Confederate army’s invasion of Pennsylvania under Robert E. Lee.

The Battle of Brandy Station happened about a month after the Battle of Chancellorsville, which lasted from April 30 to May 6. That battle in Spotsylvania County, Virginia, was a Confederate victory, even though the Confederates were far outnumbered. 

The Battle of Brandy Station ended with the Union’s withdrawal.  

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The Union used the experience to find success later in the Civil War. 

This battle happened about a month before the Battle of Gettysburg, which many consider the turning point of the Civil War. 

The Battle of Gettysburg concluded in a victory for the Union.

2. How many cavalry clashed at Brandy Station, Virginia?

About 19,000 mounted soldiers clashed during the battle, according to the National Park Service. 

This particular event was the largest one-day cavalry battle in the history of the United States, according to NPS. 

The Confederate cavalry was led by Gen. J.E.B. Stuart, while the Union cavalry was under the command of Gen. Alfred Pleasonton. 

Battle of Brandy Station illustration

The Battle at Brandy Station was the largest cavalry battle in United States history.  (Archive Photos/Getty Images)

3. How long was the Battle of Brandy Station?

The Battle of Brandy Station began and ended on the same day, June 9, 1863.

The Civil War battle lasted 14 hours, and fighting occurred near the town of Brandy Station, Virginia.

The battle was the first fight of the Gettysburg Campaign.

4. Who won the Battle of Brandy Station?

The winner of the Battle of Brandy Station is inconclusive, according to the American Battlefield Trust. There were an estimated 1,299 causalities, – of those, 866 were fighting for the Union and 422 were with the Confederacy. 

Battle of Brandy Station

The Battle of Brandy Station lasted 14 hours June 9, 1863.  ( Matthew Brady/Buyenlarge/Getty Images)

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While the tactical victory went to the Confederates, this particular battle fueled the Union with momentum and strength for the rest of the war. 

Ashlyn Messier is a writer for Fox News Digital. 

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